A "Coggins" tests for the disease Equine Infectious Anemia (EIA), which threatens horses, donkey, and mule populations. The only way to determine if a horse is infected with EIA is by indentifying antibodies in the blood, which is what the Coggins test looks for. Horses that are more at risk of contracting EIA are those that are stabled/pastured in environments that have new horses added regularly (especially if Coggins testing is not required), those that are exposed to horses at sales, shows or other events where stringent health care regulations are not enforced, and horses that are pastured in swampy areas or areas where all horses have not been regularly tested. There is no cure for EIA and a horse that is infected will be for life, so prevention of spread is the key. Have your horse tested annually for EIA.
"Floating" teeth is the process of removing/repairing irregularities that can develop over time as a horse ages. Regular dental exams and floating are critical to a horses overall well-being. Badly chewed food or food that is not broken down well enough can lead to poor absorption of the calories/nutrients that a horse needs to maintain weight and a healthy metabolism. Not only that, but bad teeth can lead to severe pain and discomfort that is easily preventable.